CRUSADA News

Brown Bag Lecture:
Effects of lead exposure on blood pressure
Monica Bastos Paoliello, PhD
State University of Londrina
Parana, Brazilo


Brown Bag Lecture:
Inequalities in Health Service Use among Former Inmates: Implications for Race/ Ethnic Health Disparities
Kathryn M. Nowotny, PhD
University of Miami


NIMHD Awards Endowment to FIU (PIs: Gil, De La Rosa)
Endowment makes FIU regional hub for the study of HIV/AIDS, substance abuse, obesity, and diabetes


NIAAA Awards R01 Grant to Dr. De La Rosa
Study will Examine Alcohol Use among Recent Latino Immigrants


Dr. Kanamori, CRUSADA Postdoctoral Fellow, Awarded NIH K99/R00 Grant
First investigator from College of Public Health & Social Work to receive an NIH Pathway to Independence Award


CRUSADA/C-SALUD PhD Fellow wins at 2016 Florida Research Symposium
Stephanie Diez won 1st Place in Social Sciences Category for presentation on problem videogame play in children & youth


NIH Awards $12.7 Million to FIU
Three CRUSADA Researchers are Members of Interdisciplinary Team


Frank Dillon Awarded R15 grant from NIMHD
Affiliated faculty member Frank Dillion was awarded a R15 to conduct a study of HIV testing among at risk Latino men


USAID Report
C-SALUD Postdoctoral Scholar authors report titled "Indicators of Child Deprivation in Sub-Saharan Africa"


CRUSADA Faculty Featured on NIH Website
Preventing HIV/AIDS in Recent Latino Immigrants


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News


NIH Awards R01 Grant to Dr. De La Rosa to Examine Alcohol Use among Recent Latino Immigrants

The study is titled: Alcohol Use Trajectories of Latino Immigrants During Their First Decade in the United States (1R01AA024127-01A1; PI: De La Rosa)

The escalation of regular and problematic alcohol use among Latino immigrants, as their time in the United States (US) increases, is a well-documented but not well-understood phenomenon. Evidence suggests that shifts in cultural factors related to the acculturation process, such as a waning of protective cultural values, are partially responsible for rises in such health compromising behaviors. The overarching aim of the present study is to examine how changes in social determinants interact with various cultural mechanisms (i.e., cultural practices, cultural values, cultural identifications) to impact pre- to post-immigration alcohol use trajectories of early adult recent Latino immigrants during their first decade in the US.

The proposed study builds upon our Recent Latino Immigrant Study (RLIS) (P20MD002288; PI: De La Rosa) by collecting an additional 3 annual waves of data from the original RLIS sample. The RLIS was the first prospective cohort study to document the pre-immigration alcohol use behaviors of early adult recent Latino immigrants, as well as the underlying social determinants contributing to these trajectories after immigration. Baseline data collected retrospective pre- immigration information from 527 early adult Latinos who had immigrated to the US within the last year. Two follow-ups, 12 months apart, collected post-immigration data. Rather than indicating typical patterns of increased alcohol use among women (and little change in men) over time, our findings revealed decreases in alcohol use for documented (but not undocumented) men with no significant change in women. Results revealed associations between various social determinants as potential risk/protective factors of acculturative stress and alcohol use. Collectively, these outcomes suggest that, for at least some subsets of Latino immigrants, the well-known escalation of alcohol use as their time in the US increases may not hold. There is a need for future research that identifies how risk/protective social determinants interact with various cultural mechanisms to impact distinct pre- to post-immigration alcohol use patterns among male and female recent Latino immigrants as their time in the US increases.

The aims of the proposed study are to: 1) Examine how changes in pre- to post-immigration risk/protective social determinants impact alcohol use trajectories among male and female early adult Latino immigrants, 2) Identify how cultural mechanisms impact the alcohol use trajectories of male and female early adult Latino immigrants, 3) Determine the moderating role of cultural mechanisms on the relationship between changes in pre- to post-immigration social determinants and alcohol use trajectories among male and female Latino immigrants during early adulthood. Recognizing the personal and social contexts in which cultural mechanisms influence alcohol use patterns among Latino immigrants is a critical step in developing effective and culturally appropriate interventions that target associated vulnerability factors and take advantage of key protective factors in this population.